Q4LT

Questions for the Lion Tamer

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Commenting on the Kastrup-Imperial College Debate: Part 2

While the majority of the general public has never had experiences with psychedelic compounds, by contrast, coffee is one of the most ubiquitously ingested beverages throughout the world. One of the main reasons for this is due to the stimulatory effects of the chemical caffeine which is found in coffee beans. Many people claim that their brain doesn’t feel “primed” or “ready to go” until they’ve ingested their morning brew. A 2018 fMRI study in Scientific Reports observed that 200 mg of caffeine effected 60 caffeine-naïve human subjects by creating a widespread increase in resting brain entropy.

The definition of entropy is the measurement of the variety of configurations possible within a system. Brain entropy is defined as the number of neural states a given brain can access. A 2018 fMRI study in PLOS One observed the level of resting brain entropy of 892 human subjects and found...

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Commenting on the Kastrup-Imperial College Debate: Part 1

Perspective is everything when it comes to a debate.

While discussions surrounding data generated using the scientific method and technological instruments should be somewhat straightforward, the differing perspectives is what we believe can cause these debates to go awry.

In recent times, philosopher Dr. Bernardo Kastrup has stirred up a discussion regarding the results of brain studies involving psychedelics. Kastrup has written extensively on the philosophical notion of idealism. Idealism is the concept that everything that takes place within the universe takes place in universal consciousness aka “the mind”. It proports that everything deemed as “physical” reality is based on our expectations and that the process of dissociation from “mind” is what forms the personal psyche. This insinuates that any facts and data generated by the scientific method/instruments is merely a correlate...

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Playing with Razors… Looking at Kastrup

Modern science is largely comprised of interpreting data that has been generated via the development of instruments/machines that in essence act as extensions of the human sensory systems (sight, auditory, etc.). An example of this might be the microscope which was developed to see objects too small to be seen by the naked eye. Similarly (in an inverse manner), the telescope was developed to magnify distant objects.

When it comes to instruments that are utilized to measure brain activity, there are multiple types that generate very different data points. The most commonly used devices in field of neurology/neuroscience are the electroencephalogram (EEG), magnetoencephalogram (MEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), computed tomography (CT), positron emission photography (PET), and the near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS).

EEG is a non-invasive device that utilizes electrodes...

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DMT & Time Warps

While time itself appears to be objectively “fixed” when gazing at a clock or stopwatch… a person’s subjective experience of time can vary quite extensively depending on their environment (internal and external). Most people who have experienced a traumatic event in their lives such as a car accident or even an emotional event such a relationship break-up have described time as “moving very slowly”. In cases of the car accidents, many have alluded to notion that they saw everything transpire as if in slow motion. Following emotional trauma from a relationship break-up, many have stated that each day following the break-up felt like an “eternity”. In some cases, time can appear to slow down significantly during non-traumatic, yet perceptually intense sporting situations. On the opposite end of the spectrum… there’s a famous phrase that goes something like, “time flies when you’re having...

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Something from Nothing… DMT Related?

This is the topic that makes concepts such as telepathy, telekinesis, and “Out of Body Experiences” look tame by comparison. This topic stretches the imagination of even the most weathered esoteric excavators. While we have no direct experience with the occurrence of the “materialization” of objects… this has been sporadically reported throughout history. Therefore… it is essentially mandatory that we speculate on some of the mechanisms of it’s transpirations.

When we refer to “materializatons”, we are referring to the concept of objects appearing essentially out of thin air. For this to occur, we believe that it is likely not truly taking place “out of thin air”. Perhaps the building blocks of the object are not easily seen by the naked eye but that hardly equates to a lack of existence being that the human visual spectrum is relatively limited… especially in average states of...

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Endohuasca Soup Ingredients

Ayahuasca is the shamanic brew comprised of two plants… Psychotria Viridis which contains N,N-DMT and Banisteriopsis Caapi which contains the monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) harmine, harmaline, and tetrahydroharmine. The combination of the plants allow the DMT to remain orally active which contributes to the “hallucinatory” effects of the potion.

When it comes to “Endohuasca”, it appears as though the combination of biochemicals is potentially much more varied. As we’ve covered quite extensively at Q4LT, there are three DMT(s) produced naturally within the body… N,N-dimethyltryptamine (N,N-DMT), 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MEO-DMT) and Bufotenin (5-HO-DMT). In terms of the endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) that would afford the suppressed breakdown of the 3 DMT(s), we have come across the following: (MAO-A inhibitors) - Tribulin A, Tryptoline, Pinoline...

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Shared Death Experiences & DMT

Most of you readers of Q4LT are familiar with the concept of the “Near Death Experience” (NDE). It takes place when a person comes extremely close to dying and in the process experiences visual and auditory “hallucinatory” phenomena. Sometimes people describe traveling through a tunnel of light where they eventually meet deceased loved ones or even “spiritual” beings. In other cases, people describe floating above their bodies and being able to travel as if they were a “ghost”.

In the piece, “Near Death Experiences & Déjà vu” we touched upon the brain activity of live rats following cardiac arrest (heart attack). The findings were as follows:

“We identified a transient surge of synchronous gamma oscillations that occurred within the first 30 seconds after cardiac arrest and preceded isoelectric electroencephalogram. Gamma oscillations during cardiac arrest were global and highly...

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Action at the Astrocytes

While serotonin is most well known as an essential brain neurotransmitter, it has been estimated that as much as 95 percent of the body’s serotonin is produced in the digestive tract. Similarly, the hormone melatonin is most well known as being produced by the pineal gland at night based on circadian rhythm factors. However, it’s been observed that the digestive tract contains at least 400 times more melatonin than the pineal gland while having no circadian based secretion cycle. It is believed that melatonin levels in the gut are independent of pineal production since rats with pinealactomy were not effected in terms of their gut melatonin concentrations.

In 2005, the Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation published a new discovery (back then) of large amounts of bufotenine (5-HO-DMT) in the stool samples of humans. The levels of bufotenine in stool samples...

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Auditory Hallucinations & DMT

While much of the focus of “hallucinatory” phenomena regarding DMT (both exogenous and endogenous (speculatively)) is based on the distinct visual experiences that take place… vision is but one of the human senses utilized to derive information. Auditory “hallucinations” seem to offer yet another layer of perceptual distortions that should be investigated in order to understand these experiences further. In Dr. Rick Strassman’s study in the early 1990’s, the high dose DMT experience encompassed not only distinctly profound visionary states but also included auditory sensations and interaction with the “beings” during these experiences. It’s not as if the volunteers experienced a vast array of colors, lights, shapes, and beings without any sound integration.

This is one of the factors that has led us to believe that there is the potentiality that endogenous DMT could possibly play a...

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Biophotons & DMT

As we touched upon in a prior pieced titled, “DMT "Hallucinations” or Expansion of the Spectrum"… the electromagnetic spectrum is comprised of the range of all known frequencies of electromagnetic radiation. This spectrum is comprised of low frequency (long wavelength) radio waves all the way up to the highest measurable frequencies (short wavelengths) known as gamma rays (rays not waves). A photon is the “quantum” of the electromagnetic field… meaning that it is the minimum amount of any physical entity involved in an interaction.

The “visible spectrum” is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is discernible to the naked human eye. This has been classified as “visible light” and has been generally determined to fall between 390 nm and 700 nm. Biophotons are photons of light in the ultraviolet and low visible light range that are produced by a biological system. This low...

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